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Peace Process

Abbas, Sharon Declare End to Violence

February 8, 2005

Abbas and Sharon reach across the negotiating table to shake hands. Abbas (L) and Sharon affirmed their commitment to peace.

Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon have announced the end of four years of violence at a landmark summit in Egypt, setting the stage for a full-scale revival of the peace process.

“We have agreed with the prime minister to cease all acts of violence against Israelis and against Palestinians wherever they are,” Abbas said at the summit on Tuesday in the Red Sea resort of Sharm al-Shaikh.

Sharon said the Palestinians had agreed to end anti-Israeli actions and that in parallel “Israel will cease its military operations against the Palestinians in all area”.

“We have an opportunity to turn our back on the bloody path imposed on us over the last four years,” Sharon said, adding he was hopeful that the summit would mark the day when the peace process was re-launched.

New commitment

The summit, the first between Israeli and Palestinian leaders for over four years, comes amid a growing rapprochement after Abbas’s election a month ago and a new commitment by the United States to seek Middle East peace.

“The calm that is currently prevailing in our territories signals the start of a new era, the start of a hopeful peace,” Abbas said.

Abbas (L) with Sharon, Mubarak and Jordan's King Abd Allah (R). Abbas (L) with Sharon, Mubarak and Jordan’s King Abd Allah (R).

“What we have announced today is the implementation of the first phase of the roadmap ... and an essential step to give us a chance to put the peace process back on track.”

Egyptian President Husni Mubarak hailed what he said was a “positive spirit” between Israel and the Palestinians, and said he hoped it would lead to an “honest and serious” implementation of the road map peace plan.

Sharon also confirmed that Israel would release hundreds of Palestinian prisoners.

Thorny differences

The summit comes just a day after new US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice wrapped up a visit to the region declaring that both Sharon and Abbas had both accepted invitations to meet US President George Bush at the White House.

“What we have announced today is the implementation of the first phase of the road map.”

Mahmud Abbas
Palestinian President

The two sides have not yet patched up some of their thorniest differences, such as Israel’s controversial West Bank security barrier, Israeli settlement activity and the closure of Palestinian groups in East Jerusalem.

“The discussions (on all these matters) will take place during the summit and afterwards,” Palestinian Negotiations Minister Saib Uraiqat said.

Another burning issue is the fate of 8000 Palestinian prisoners held behind bars in Israel.

Mixed reaction

Israel said last week it would free 900 prisoners, with a first batch of 500 set to be freed soon after the summit.

Aljazeera correspondent in Gaza Wail al-Dahduh reported that people reacted in varied ways to the ceasefire announcement.

Abbas de-planes. The summit has raised people’s hopes in spite of past failures.

Some were optimistic, some pessimistic and others were unconcerned about the summit, as Gazans have had a long and bitter experience with such gatherings.

However, all citizens were hopeful about the outcome, al-Dahduh said.

Aljazeera’s correspondent in Ram Allah Shireen Abu Aqla reported that Palestinians, while hoping for peace, were mostly concerned about the issue of prisoner release.

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Additional Resources

Camp David and After: An Exchange in The New York Review of Books

Book – The Truth About Camp David

Book – Perceptions of Palestine

Palestinian Nonviolent Resistance

Charter of the United Nations


PLO Negotiations Affairs Department

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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