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Daily Life

Palestinians Run ‘Popular Schools’ To Get Around Israeli Curfew

Mohammed Daraghmeh
Arabic Media Internet Network
Nablus, West Bank
September 15, 2002

NABLUS – The children of the Al Qasr neighborhood dodge Israeli military patrols on the way to class in a cramped dorm room.

They sit on chairs brought from home or crouch on mattresses. Their teachers have no textbooks, only a blackboard. The “popular school” in Al Qasr is one of several that have sprung up in mosques, empty factories and apartments in Nablus, the West Bank’s largest city, since Israel first imposed a round-the-clock curfew June 21 to prevent Palestinian militants from attacking Israeli civilians.

With no sign of the restrictions ending, parents and teachers say they do not want children to fall behind in their studies.

“If we stay at home waiting for lifting the curfew, the students will lose their future,” said Fida al-Khayat, who teaches elementary school Arabic.

Popular schools were common during the first Palestinian uprising in1987-1993, when Israel closed schools for extended periods, arguing that they were hotbeds of violence. Teaching was sporadic and many Palestinians of that generation have serious gaps in their basic education.

The Israeli military, which reoccupied most West Bank towns in June, lifts curfews in most areas during the day to allow schools to operate.

But students and teachers from outlying areas still have to get around checkpoints, taking bumpy back roads or climbing over earthen barriers put up by the army.

According to the Israeli army, the easing of the curfew in Nablus on Aug. 31, the first day of school, was followed by a shooting attack a day later on a nearby Jewish settlement that wounded a pregnant woman and her husband.

“The curfew will be lifted if attacks on Israelis stop”, said army spokeswoman Brig. Gen. Ruth Yaron.

Earlier this week, a group of children from Nablus asked U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan to pressure Israel to lift the restrictions.

“We have been stripped completely of our right to education,” the students said in a letter to Annan.

About 150,000 people in Nablus and nearby refugee camps have been confined to their homes for the past 84 days by the Israeli restrictions.

With shops and businesses closed, men spend their days playing cards, smoking cigarettes or water pipes and watching satellite television.

Kids who are not in school play soccer in the streets, then run away when tanks come rumbling by.

Children attending the “popular schools” often are accompanied by parents for the first few days until they make friends. After that, they move around town together.

“Our mother told us that when we hear the sounds of a jeep or a tank, that we should to run into the nearest house and wait for them to leave,” said 8-year-old Lubna shbaitah, who attends a makeshift school in the women’s dorms at An Najah University, in the upscale Al Qasr neighborhood.

“I’m always scared, but I have to go to school.”

Army spokeswoman Yaron said curfew violators “will be turned back with a warning,” if caught.

“If the curfew violation is more serious, with demonstrations, stone-throwing or shooting, then it will be met with more drastic measures, depending on the circumstances,” she said.

About 290 students attend the school at the An Najah dorm. Students sit on mattresses or bring chairs from home.

“I go back home every day with pain in my back because there is no comfortable desk to write on,” said 8-year-old Karim Anabtawi, who crouched on the ground over his Arabic notebook. He was one of about 20 students packed into a small dorm room.

The curriculum often is bare-bones, including subjects such as Arabic, English, mathematics, and science. Many teachers are volunteers or other experts working outside their specialties.

Karim said he misses the specialized subjects – such as music, computer and drama – taught in his regular school.

Karim and his classmates have no textbooks. His teacher, al-Khayat, holds a degree in computer science but volunteered to teach Arabic.

“We are determined to teach our kids,” she said while writing the day’s lesson on the blackboard.

Jouman Qarman, head of the education office in Nablus, said 51,000 students from government schools and about 9,000 students from private institutions are unable to go to school in Nablus.

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Additional Resources

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